Diagnostic yield and clinical management after capsule endoscopy in daily clinical practice: A single-center experience

Hippokratia 2010; 14 (4): 271-276

P. Katsinelos, K. Fasoylas, Gr. Chatzimavroudis, G. Lazaraki, C. Zavos, I. Pilpilidis, S. Terzoudis, G. Kokonis, I. Patsis, A. Beltsis, G. Paroutoglou, J. Kountouras


Background: Capsule endoscopy is an effective method of examining the small bowel in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding, suspected inflammatory mucosal diseases and neoplasms. We herein evaluate the diagnostic yield of capsule endoscopy and its effect on clinical management in daily clinical practice. Patients and Methods: One hundred and one capsule endoscopies performed at the Department of Endoscopy and Motility Unit of G. Gennimatas General Hospital of Thessaloniki from May 2007 to February 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical management following capsule endoscopy findings was evaluated. The most frequent indication was obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (n=56, overt=20).
Results: The overall diagnostic yield was 47.5%. The diagnostic yield was 88.9% in patients with overt bleeding who underwent early capsule endoscopy (within 5 days), versus 36.4% in patients who underwent late capsule endoscopy (p=0.028). Moreover, it reached 81.8% in patients with abdominal pain, with/without diarrhea and abnormal biological markers, versus 8.3% in patients with normal biological markers (p<0.0001). Capsule endoscopy was diagnostic in all patients with symptomatic celiac disease. Adenomas were found in 9 of 14 familial adenomatous polyposis patients. Capsule retention (>72 hours) occurred in two patients. Forty-three of 48 (89.6%) patients with positive capsule endoscopy findings that received intervention or medical treatment had positive clinical outcomes.
Conclusions: Capsule endoscopy has an important diagnostic role and contribution in the clinical management during routine clinical practice; however, it remains to be determined which patients are more likely to benefit from this expensive examination.