Lipopolysaccharide and hypoxia significantly alters interleukin-8 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 production by human fibroblasts but not fibrosis related factors

Hippokratia 2011; 15 (3): 238-243

T. Eleftheriadis, V. Liakopoulos, B. Lawson, G. Antoniadi, I. Stefanidis, G. Galaktidou


Besides extracellular matrix production, fibroblasts are able to produce various cytokines. Their ubiquitous position makes fibroblasts appropriate cells for sensing various noxious stimuli and for attracting immune cells in the affected area. In the present study the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and cobalt chloride (CoCl2) on the above fibroblasts functions were evaluated in primary human skin fibroblasts cultures. Collagen, matrix metalloproteinase-1, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1, transforming growth factor-β1, interleukin-8 (IL-8) and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) were measured in fibroblasts culture supernatants. Fibroblasts proliferation and viability were assessed as well. Hypoxia inducible factor-1$ and the phosphorylated p65 portion of NF-kB were assessed in fibroblasts protein extracts. LPS and CoCl2 had a minor effect on fibrosis related factors in human primary fibroblasts, possibly due to the absence of interplay with other cell types in the used experimental system. On the contrary both LPS and CoCl2 increased significantly IL-8. LPS also increased considerably MCP-1, but CoCl2 decreased it. Thus LPS and CoCl2 induce a sentinel, nevertheless not identical, phenotype in primary human fibroblasts. The last disparity could result in different body response to infectious or hypoxic noxious stimuli.