Clinical applications of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS): experience from an academic high volume centre of Northern Greece

Hippokratia 2011;15 (1): 60-63

A. Mantziari, A. Ziakas, G. Stavropoulos, IH. Styliadis


Background: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has become a valuable tool adjunctive to coronary angiography due to its ability to directly image atheroma and the vessel wall. We aimed to evaluate the use of IVUS during diagnostic angiography and coronary interventions in a coronary intervention academic high volume center of northern Greece. Patients and Methods: IVUS studies have been retrospectively retrieved from 2005 to 2008 from the archives of the catheterization laboratory of our department. IVUS was performed in 403 patients (294 male) of mean age 62±6 years. Indications for coronary angiography +/- intervention were acute coronary syndromes (49%), stable angina (46%) and previous coronary angioplasty evaluation (5%).
Results: Forty eight per cent of the IVUS studies were performed in left anterior descending artery (LAD), 25% in right coronary artery (RCA), 18% in left circumflex artery (LCx), and the rest (9%) in left main coronary artery (LMCA) or in coronary branches. Indications for performing an IVUS study were assessment of intermediate lesions (60%), evaluation of stent placement (36.5%), and determination of stent restenosis aetiology (3.5%). Among studies performed for assessment of intermediate lesions, 63% showed a non critical stenosis. IVUS after coronary stenting revealed a suboptimal stent placement in 77% of the cases, while in cases of stent restenosis, IVUS showed inadequate initial stent deployment in 43% of the patients.
Conclusions: The use of IVUS in our department has contributed to the optimization of intervertional treatment of coronary lesions by means of evaluating borderline lesions, stenting placement and stent restenosis.