A “sweet” hydrothorax in a child on peritoneal dialysis

Hippokratia 2011; 15 (4): 358-360

D. Gidaris, N. Printza, S. Batzios, AM. Belechri, F. Papachristou


Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an established, effective long term renal replacement treatment modality for children with end stage renal disease (ESRD). A rarely reported complication of PD in children is the development of hydrothorax1. We report the case of an 8-year-old boy that developed a right-sided pleural effusion during automated PD (APD), in order to raise awareness amongst paediatricians; we also review the diversity of clinical presentation and the available diagnostic tools, discuss theories regarding aetiology and highlight the available treatment options.