The influence of renal manifestations to the progression of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

Hippokratia 2009, 13(3):161-164

A. Idrizi, M. Barbullushi, E. Petrela, S. Kodra, A. Koroshi, N. Thereska


Background: Renal stones, urinary tract infections (UTI) and gross hematuria (GH) are the most important renal manifestations of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). They are not only common, but are also frequent cause of morbidity, influencing renal dysfunction.The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of these manifestations in our patients with ADPKD and their impact on renal function.Methods: One hundred eighty ADPKD patients were included in the study. Subjects were studied for the presence of UTI, gross hematuria frequency and responsible factors of nephrolithiasis. Survival times were calculated as the time to renal replacement therapy or time of serum creatinine value up to 10 mg/dl. Kaplan-Meier product-limit survival curves were constructed, and log rank test was used to compare the survival curves.Results: Kidney stones were present in 76/180 (42% of pts). The stones were composed of urate (47%) calcium oxalate (39%), and other compounds 14%. UTI was observed in 60% (108 patients). Patients treated with urinary disinfectants had a significant lower frequency of urinary infection (p<0.001) and hematuria (p<0.001) after one year than untreated patients. Gross hematuria was present in 113 patients (63%). In 43 patients hematuria was diagnosed before age 30 (38%), while in 70 patients it was diagnosed after age 30 (62%).Conclusions: UTI is frequent in our ADPKD patients. The correct treatment of UTI decreases its frequency and has beneficial role in the rate of progression to renal failure in ADPKD patients. Patients with recurrent of gross hematuria may be at risk for more severe renal disease.