Skin Biopsy for the diagnosis of Alport Syndrome

Hippokratia 2008, 12(2):116-118

E. Lagona, L. Tsartsali, S. Kostaridou, A. Skiathitou, E. Georgaki, F. Sotsiou


Alport syndrome (AS) is the most common hereditary nephritis often associated with extrarenal manifestations. It was first described by Alport on 1927. There is a primary disorder in collagen type IV which is the main component of the basement membranes. Alport syndrome is more frequently inherited as an X-linked and less commonly as an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive trait. We describe the case of a 3-year-old boy with the X-linked variant of AS. The diagnosis was at first speculated from the child???s detailed family history and was finally confirmed by a skin biopsy. Skin biopsy is an efficient and less invasive method for the X-linked variant of the AS diagnosis.