Pulmonary Zygomycosis caused by Cunninghamella bertholletiae in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia

Hippokratia 2008, 12(1):43-45

E. Bibashi, V. Sidi, M. Kotsiou, E. Makrigiannaki, D. Koliouskas


Zygomycosis is an invasive mycotic disease caused by fungi of the class Zygomycetes. Infections caused by zygomycetes, are known for their difficulty of diagnosis and treatment. Cunninghamella bertholletiae (Cb), is a saprobic fungus commonly found in the soil of temperate climates. Pulmonary infections caused by Cb are being identified with increasing frequency among patients on immunosuppressive therapy, and these infections usually have a fatal outcome. We present a rare case of pulmonary zygomycosis caused by Cb in a 10 year old male child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. In spite of intensive antifungal chemotherapy (iv liposomal amphotericin B 7 mg/Kg once daily) following clinical diagnosis, he died of pulmonary failure.