Detection of hereditary bisalbuminemia in a Greek family by capillary zone electrophoresis

Hippokratia 2008, 12(2):119-121

C. Angouridaki, V. Papageorgiou, V. Tsavdaridou, M. Giannousis, S. Alexiou Daniel


It is presented herein a case of a family, four members of which suffer from hereditary bisalbuminemia. The abnormality was initially detected in a 29-year old male, by serum protein electrophoresis (SPE), during the investigation for possible multiple sclerosis. SPE also revealed the presence of a double albumin band in sera of the patient???s sister, father and grandmother, almost confirming the inherited (genetic) form of bisalbuminemia. Possible causes related with the acquired form of bisalbuminemia were excluded for all examined individuals. SPE was performed by both automatic capillary zone electrophoresis and agaroze gel electrophoresis. All tested samples were immunofixated with special antisera, in order to exclude the presence of monoclonal fractions. Total albumin, total proteins and immunoglobulins varied in normal ranges. The relative mobility of the albumin variant was determined by a simple mixing experiment, which gave evidence of the fast-type form of inherited bisalbuminemia. This is the first report of hereditary bisalbuminemia in Greece.