Hippokratia 2008; 12 (3): 176-180
G. Vergoulas, I. Ioannidis, M. Nikodimopoulou, GR. Miserlis, F. Solonaki, E. Panou, L. Posa, J. Fousas, A. Papagiannis, V. Papanikolaou, D. Takoudas
Background and aim: It has been reported that racial and ethnic (genetic make up), as well as socioeconomic differences may affect the results of kidney transplantation. Socioeconomic factors are quite difficult to differentiate from genetic factors. It is not surprising that a group with poorer access to health care, less private insurance and less income does less well with serious medical problems. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of kidney transplantations in Greek (G) and Albanian (A) patients.
Patiets and Methods: Twenty nine transplanted patients of Albanian ancestry were matched with 29 Greek patients retrospectively. Their mean age was 34 (G) and 31 (A) years, there were 21 men and 8 women in each group (G, A) and they received 26 kidneys from living related donors and 3 kidneys from cadaveric donors respectively. Arterial blood pressure (ABP), body weight (BW), serum creatinine, serum total protein and albumin, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides, 24 hour proteinuria were measured on 7th, 15th postoperative day, 1st , 3rd , 6th month and 1st year after transplant. BMI was calculated before and 1 year after transplantation and acute rejection episodes were recorded too. Methylprednizolone (MP), cyclosporine (CsA) dose /kg BW were calculated at baseline, 1, 3, 6, 12 months after transplant. Cumulative patient and graft survival at 1 and 5 years were calculated too.
Results: Patient survival at 1 and 5 years was 100% / 93.1% and 100% /93.1% respectively (p: NS). Graft survival at 1 and 5 years was 100% / 93.10% and 93.75% / 86.45% respectively (p: NS). BW (but not BMI) and total cholesterol levels in Greek patients were higher compared to those of Albanian patients during the 1st post transplant year (p: 0.044 and p: 0.021 respectively). MP dose in A patients was higher during the first year (p: 0.05).
Conclusion: Patients and graft survival do not present difference between G and A patients. There is significant difference on cholesterol profile between G and A patients. A larger number of transplants are possibly needed to allow us to draw firm conclusions.